ETICKÉ A MORÁLNE PROBLÉMY V ODPOVEDIACH PÁPEŽA MIKULÁŠA I. NA OTÁZKY BULHAROV (NICOLAI I. PAPAE RESPONSA AD CONSULTA BULGARORUM)
(Issues of Morality and Ethics in Responses of Pope Nicholas I to the Questions of the Bulgarians (Nicolai l. papae responsa ad consulta Bulgarorum))
Abstract: Author has set his article into the context of power-political and religious-political development in the 9th century in Central and South-East Europe where diplomatic, political, ideological and even military-political struggles between the West and the East took place in order to further reigning of the states in this part of Europe. Struggles at religious-political level took place between Rome and Constantinople, at power-political level between Frankish Empire and Byzantium. Bulgaria was one of such regions where the contemporary states of great significance struggled over power. The responses of Pope Nicolas I. to the questions of Bulgarians (Nicolai I. papae responsa ad consulta Bulgarorum) is an important document showing one of the forms of the fight for the primacy between Western and Eastern Christianity. On one hand, these responses provide evidence of the effort of Bulgarians to get religious-political autonomy; on the other hand, they illustrate contemporary state of morality. They can be considered as an interpretation of the fundaments of Western Christian ethics and morality.
Authors: Gluchman, Vasil
Source: Konštatínove listy, 2016, vol. 9, number: 2, pages: 11-25 (PDF file)
Key words: BULGARIA, POPE NICHOLAS I, ETHICS, MORALITY, MARRIAGE, WAR, PEACE, PUNISHMENTS