THE TRUTH IN ARISTOTLE AND SOPHONIAS
(Pravda podľa Aristotela a Sophoniasa)
Abstract: The purpose of the article is to discover the philosophical game between truth and falsehood, as it is presented in the Aristotelian treatise De Anima and in the Sophonias’ Commentary on Aristotle’s text, which is included in Commentaria in Aristotelem Graeca (C.A.G.). In De Anima truth is related to the combinations of data, which are derived from sense perceptions (αἰσθήσεις), imagination (φαντασία, phantasia) and the intellect (νοῦς, nous). The intellect connects the initial data through logic and observes the variety of the combinations of reality. During that combinational process of logic, it is possible that falsehood can penetrate, so that the combinations of intellect do not comply with the existing combinations of reality. As a result, falsehood, according to Aristotle, originates from the non-proper synthesis and analysis of the meanings. On the contrary, Sophonias rests upon elements of the Platonic philosophy, claiming that the divine intellect coincides with God and truth.
Authors: Ntotsika, Alexantra
Source: Konštatínove listy, 2017, vol.: 10, issue: 1, pages: 36-42 (PDF file)
Key words: ARISTOTLE, DE ANIMA, SOPHONIAS, COMMENTARIA IN ARISTOTLE GRAECA