KACÍRI, HERETICI, BLUDÁRI A BOJ PROTI KACÍRSTVU V STREDOVEKOM UHORSKOM KRÁĽOVSTVE
(Heretics, Apostates, Schismatics and the Fight Against Heresy in the Medieval Kingdom of Hungary)
Abstract: The Catholic Church had to deal with the ideas different from its official learning already at its beginnings. These heretic movements threatened its unity, therefore the Church represented by the Pope and the Church hierarchy in cooperation with the worldly power tried to stop such thoughts by the means of ecclesiastical punishment. To suppress the heresy the institute of inquisition was established. Heretic ideas also spread in the medieval Kingdom of Hungary. Its southern parts, for instance, affected the influence of Bogomilism in the 11th century. Since the end of the 14th century the ideas of the Waldensian movement spread to the western part of the Kingdom. In the 15th century students from the Prague university introduced radical Hussite teaching in Hungary. This teaching found its audience especially in the southern parts of the Kingdom and in Transylvania. The ideas of the Lutheran reformation came from the German lands to Hungary already in the 20s of the 16th century. They were first adopted by the German burghers of the mining towns in the central and eastern Slovakia and in Transylvania.
Authors: Marek, Miloš
Source: Konštatínove listy, 2018, vol.: 11, issue: 2, pages: 98-131 (PDF file)
Keywords: HERETICS, CATHOLIC CHURCH, INQUISITION, KINGDOM OF HUNGARY, MIDDLE AGES