POJEM OSOBNOSTI V DIELE RUSKÉHO FILOZOFA NIKOLAJA ALEXANDROVIČA BERĎAJEVA (VYVRCHOLENIE PERSONALISTICKEJ LÍNIE SLOVANSKÉHO MYSLENIA)
[The Concept of Personality in the Work of Russian Philosopher Nikolai Alexandrovich Berdyaev (Climax of the Personalistic Line of Slavic Thought)]
Abstract: The paper provides an analysis of the main features of personality in the work of N. A. Berdyaev, who belongs to the most prominent authors of the personalistic line of Slavic philosophy. It is primarily concerned with Berdyaev’s principal book Slavery and Freedom (1939), which elaborates this theme most thoroughly. Berdyaev’s concept of personality is here interpreted in correlation with other central concepts of his work, above all with freedom and spirit – both are exposed as the inherent attributes of personality. While Berdyaev’s metaphysics is based on duality of spirit and nature, or freedom and necessity, the paper points to his concept of person(ality) as based on triple structure: spirit, soul and body. The paper also examines Berdyaev’s fundamental conceptual distinctions between personality and individual and outlines the differences in standpoints of personalism and individualism, while the latter is shown as opposed to the former.
Authors: Petkanič, Milan
Source: Konštatínove listy, 2018, vol.: 11, issue: 1, pages: 130-137 (PDF file)
Keywords: RUSSIAN PHILOSOPHY, PERSONALITY, PERSON, INDIVIDUAL, SPIRIT, FREEDOM, OBJECTIFICATION, UNIVERSAL, MICROCOSM, PERSONALISM VS. INDIVIDUALISM